The Many Ways to Get Rid of Stretch Marks

Stretch marks are caused by many things, some of them can be avoided, some of them can’t. While prevention is better than facing the problem head-on, there are times where you can’t because things won’t always go your way.

Since these marks are common, there are many ways you can get rid of them. They can fade over time and it will take years. So you turn to other ways:

Using Stretch Mark Creams

If you are on a budget, some high-tech treatments are very expensive and can lead to some serious financial problems. Fortunately, there are less costly alternatives to expensive treatments like creams and other similar products.

Creams are cheap and can be an effective way to deal with your problems, some of them may not even cost more than if you were to drink a few cups of coffee at Starbucks.

Getting a Laser Treatment

Laser treatment is a simple solution and a very effective one. Different lasers work best on different stretch marks, and significant results can be seen with 3-5 treatment sessions. Some side effects include blistering, bruising, prolonged redness, lightening and darkening of skin, scarring, and removal of freckles.

They are expensive and a single treatment session costs a few hundred dollars, so multiple sessions will easily add up to thousands. These laser treatments work best with new stretch marks so while your striae are still red in color its best to have it treated right away.

The lasers have different ways of reducing the visibility of marks, some do it by fading, and another does it by changing the stretch mark’s color to the same hue of your skin. If it is still not enough, you always have the option of going for actual surgery.

Having a Surgery

Other ways may not work and the best they can do is fade these marks to a certain degree, but surgery is the only choice for complete elimination. The “tummy tuck” is one such way, and its only performed on people who qualify.

This surgical procedure tightens the abdominal muscle and removes the excess skin along with the marks in the middle and lower region of the abdomen.

Plastic Surgery

Another type of surgery you can undergo is plastic surgery. This modifies your appearance and some methods of this surgery can go deeper than external cosmetic changes. The price varies on how much you want to get done, which can go up to tens of thousands of dollars.

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Micro-Optics: Manufacturing, Testing and Characterization Processes

Micro-optics has opened up a new world of optics for people today. They are not just the basis of modern high-tech microelectronics, but are can successfully produce creative solutions by rightfully combining the traditional optical technologies with its modern counterpart. The manufacturing process of micro-optics includes advanced light use and cutting-edge optical features and functionality. This technology helps to create customized solutions to meet your customer requirements, easily and quickly.

There are companies that produce micro-optic products offering excellent performance and leveraging the state of the art fabrication technologies. These products help to meet specific needs of customers and covers fast and flexible prototyping to large-scale production of diffraction, refractive and hybrid micro-optics. Use of deep UV and long wave infrared is also noted.

One of the most popular manufacturing processes is wafer-based. It is a standard technology used in the semiconductor industry. Experts believe for manufacturing high-quality products, wafer-based microlens technology is most hopeful. It uses processes like resist coating, lithography, reactive ion etching, and more. You can use this technology to produce 10 microns to 2mm diameter as well as aspherical lens with outstanding uniformity and right lateral positions.

One of the main areas of concern for micro-optics part is the correct choice of manufacturing process. In addition, for testing, people must take special care. Due to small size of microlens openings, there is limitation of measurement accuracy by fringes number and sampling accuracy. However, the current scenario doesn’t offer proper testing and characterization. Testing equipment in the semiconductor industry or test equipment from traditional optical manufacturing is not suitable for these kind of products and services.

Wafer-based technology uses standard semiconductor rules and apparatus. Actually, the semiconductor industry is the leader with high amount of investment made in high-tech modern tools and apparatus. One of the prime benefits of manufacturing micro-optics is the use of all equipment that the semiconductor industry uses for its own needs. So it is quite cost-effective. Moreover, since all processes depend on standard technologies of the semiconductor industry, so quality has nothing to do with your budget.

However, one area of concern is the use of instruments for testing microlenses. It is still outdated and not developed for ensuring high quality and accuracy. For example, if you want to test interferometrical of small microlens you have to combine interferometer with a microscope for adequate magnifying of observed fringe patterns. If you want to test large microlenses, you need more advanced, fast equipment which is now unavailable. Since the micro-optics industry is still very new, this lack of adequate instruments is serving as a constraint to manufacturing, testing and characterization.

Research institutions or the manufacturing companies themselves develop most of test instruments that we use in the micro-optics industry these days. Since this industry is not yet popular, manufacturers built instruments in small quantity only. Therefore, the lack of instruments is a burning problem in this field. In the manufacturing phase, process optimization is directly dependent on the ability to measure products quality.

Singh Vikash is an optical expert having years of experience in writing on topics such as optical manufacturing and recently on micro optics manufacturing, testing and characterization. In this article, he discusses about wafer-based micro optics manufacturing process and its drawbacks.

Work Trends Guaranteed to Change in 2015

Today freelancers have gained recognition as a viable segment of our workforce. As the freelancing community grows by leaps and bounds, the USA alone is home to over 17.7 million independent workers whose estimated income goes over $1.17 trillion. The story is very similar in other parts of the globe, as more and more international organizations turn towards hiring freelancers from developing countries to cut down on costs without compromising on high quality work. So, what does that tell us about the future of freelancing?

Freelancing: A Rising Trend for Years to Come

The Freelancers Union in the USA is fighting to be recognized as a sustainable part of the work force. “Counting workers based on a work setup that’s disappearing is cheating everyone involved. Instead of focusing on whether someone’s job is full-time or part-time, how about asking if they have enough work to sustain a life? Recognizing freelancers will help build out better support infrastructure, such as freelancer group insurance plans. It will also ensure accurate employment numbers, delivering more precise profiles of overall economic growth and strength — vital statistics that influence policy decisions from the national to the local level. We must support this massive community by updating how we officially measure employment”, says Sara Horowitz of the Freelancers Union in an official interview with New York Times.

The organization behind International Freelancers Day conducted a study to shed light on Freelance Industry Report in 2012. According to the report, over 26% of any average organization’s workforce was contract based or contingent in May 2012. And it is expected that the numbers will rise to become almost 30% to 50% of all workforce in USA within a few years.

A recent study establishes that freelancing will be at the top of new career trends in 2015. Voluntary job quitters will rise in numbers, as more and more careers will be launched virtually. It’s also speculated that careers in 2015 will be more people focused, rather than being ‘tech-focused’, as the trend has been since the beginning of the new millennia.

More Serious Professionals Are Now Successful Freelancers

Many of us believe that professionals thrive on a 9-to-5 routine. They prefer the luxury of predictability and hate to undertake any potential risks when it comes to their careers. But is that really truly? Apparently not! Several professionals from all parts of the globe have taken the leap to branch out on their own and become freelancing contractors with a flourishing career that is nothing short of noteworthy. And it isn’t just designers, writers and photographers that prefer to become their own boss; you will find an equal number of specialists – be it teachers, corporate trainers, data analysts, and IT professionals. Freelancing opportunities are growing in each and every industry, and there are many success stories that inspire hundreds of others to quit the shackles of their confining jobs and turn their passions in to their full-time careers.

According to a report conducted by Kingston University for PCG in the UK, there is a 12% growth in professionals who choose to be self employed. 1 out of 3 companies use freelance contractors every week, and 41% of all UK based organizations plan to use more freelancers over the coming years. John Brazier, the Managing Director for PCG says, “The findings of the report prove that freelancing is now one of the cornerstones of the UK economy. It shows that even in these tough economic situations, the ability to be flexible is critical for both individuals and businesses looking for more work. Freelancers now account for 6% of UK’s entire workforce, and hence it has become a significant constituency that deserves new policy making at government levels.”

And it isn’t just the younger generation around the world that is taping in to the potential of freelance opportunities. 43- year old Maneesh Konkar from Mumbai is a freelance trainer, who conducts sales workshops for MNCs. He has worked with an impressive array of clients ranging from FMCG companies, IT companies, Auto companies and even Consumer Goods manufacturing brands. “I prefer to freelance because I can grab job opportunities in literally any part of the world, rather than being restricted to one organization or a city. It gives a lot of flexibility to my job and allows me to be my own boss”, says the expert trainer.

So give up your inhibitions and embrace the new trend! However, bear in mind; while freelancing might offer you a lot of flexibility to work in a fashion that personally suits you best, it isn’t all that easy to become a success when you have to start from scratch. Find a niche that matches your expertise, and work hard to establish yourself. You might be your own boss, but make sure that you are still a top-notch professional in order to beat the competition and move ahead in your career.